UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture. UNESCO's programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.

Chaired by Giovanni Masanabo and Cassandre Manicom Ramsamy

Topic A: combatting and preventing violent extremism.

This topic aims to tackle the issue of the rise of Extremism in the world. Caused by hate, fear of the unknown and ignorance, individuals tend to choose the radical path. In order to prevent this behavior, Members States are expected to debate in the committee on their position and use critical thinking and diplomacy to come together and find adequate solutions to this issue.

 

Topic B: encouraging the preservation of endangered cultures and civilizations.

The main focus of this topic is to bring out new ideas or policies allowing some people and communities to continue to live in a better place respecting their lifestyle. This topic could also be appointed to a conflict zone namely protecting monuments, museum archeological sites, inhabitants, children etc. that are threatened by war, terrorism, politics and religions.

SECURITY COUNCIL

The United Nations Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Chaired by Matthew Metivier and Corentin Robin 

The Permanent Members include: France, USA, UK, China and Russia can take part in debate

--> can vote and have veto power on resolutions

The Elected Members include: Belgium, Côte d’Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Germany, Indonesia, Kuwait, Peru, Poland and South Africa 

--> can participate in debate and can vote resolutions, although they do not have any veto

The Observing States include: Syria, Turkey, Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Japan, South Korea, Philippines, Australia and Malaysia

--> can take part in the debate but only serve as advisors. They will not vote resolutions.

Topic A: The South China Sea dispute

East Asia is the fastest developing region of the 21st century. Central to the economic expansion and industrial revival is trade and with it, trade routes. Be they on water, land or sea, control of these passageways is not only a large source of income, but a vital political and diplomatic challenge. Tensions run high amongst the key players in Asia, as well as the rest of the World. For whoever controls the South China Sea holds the keys to the gates to 1.6 billion people.

Topic B: Establishing a Kurdish homeland

The Middle-East is arguably the most sensitive region of the 21st century. Since Sikes-Picot, there has been little peace and much conflict as peoples and minorities struggle for sovereignty on coveted lands. One of the more disenfranchised have been the Kurds: they were one of the greater losers of decolonization, remaining Stateless after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Amid the Syrian civil war and the rise of ISIS – diplomatic heavy-weights from Europe, Asia and the Americas weighing heavily on the outcome – this is a chance for either side to shape the face of the Middle East for the foreseeable future

UN Women is the United Nations entity dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide.

UN Women supports UN Member States as they set global standards for achieving gender equality, and works with governments and civil society to design laws, policies, programs and services needed to ensure that the standards are effectively implemented and truly benefit women and girls worldwide.

 

Chaired by Albane Suaudeau and Clara Didier

 

Delegations:  Argentina, Bangladesh, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Columbia, Congo, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, France, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakstan  Kenya, Liberia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Tunisia, Ukraine, United Kingdom United States of America, Venezuela

 

Topic A: Legalization of prositution

 This subject tackles a lot of areas: sanitary, humanitarian, economic, social and political. You will have, regarding the position of your country, to defend or disagree with this measure that have a lot of pros and cons arguments.

Topic B: Abortion as a human right for women and girls  

Nowadays the women rights are constantly facing controversies, hindrance but also support and means to achieve their goals. UnWomen is a sensible committee where we have to make speeches about subjects as abortion than can touch everyone, either a woman or a girl in a wealthy country or in a third world country. It is our duty to tackle this issue.

 

The World Health Organization’s primary role is to direct and coordinate international health within the United Nations system. Their main areas of work are health systems; health through the life-course; noncommunicable and communicable diseases; preparedness, surveillance and response; and corporate services.

Delegations: France, Germany, China, Saudi Arabia,  Chile,  Brazil,  India,  Egypt, Serbia, Bulgaria, Poland,  Russia,  Japan,  USA,  South Africa,  Nigeria,  Yémen,  UK,  Australia,  Spain,  Qatar,  Turkey,  Estonia,  Israël, Czech Republic,  Mexico

Chaired by Lola Abdul and Léa Faivre

Topic A: Detecting factors of pollution and tackling the impact on the new generation​.
Why this subject?​ According to scientists, climate change and the interrelated air pollution

contributing to it is the greatest public health threat of the 21st century.

Ambient (outdoor air pollution) is a major cause of death and disease globally. Higher admission in hospitals and premature deaths have been observed since scientists seriously started studying the question.

WHO warns on the dramatic consequences our ways of production at the core of the problem has on human beings. More than 90% of children under 15 worldwide are estimated to breathe an air that is noxious for a safe development, leading to reduced lung function, respiratory infections, serious asthma...

In hundreds of thousands of cases, we even talk about mortality.

WHO’s role​: set guidelines for toxic particles and emphasize the dialogue between member states in a context of ecological transition to resolve health issues in this domain. This has been done through the​ Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health​ in Geneva (29 October to 1 November) with the aim to share information and tools on Children’s health for instance, and incite policymakers to takes all necessary measures to tackle the issue.

Topic B: Nutrition/water and Health in a context of crisis : the Yemen Case

Since armed conflict erupted in March 2015, Yemen’s already fragile health system kept deteriorating. The lack of infrastructure, supplies and the impossibility to gain a long-living ceasefire in order to bring humanitarian aid makes it difficult to see the light at the end of the tunnel. Many workers have already been evacuated in light of the turn of events.

Continuous airstrikes and rebels’ hostility towards agents bringing help are making it increasingly harder to reach populations in need. Additional to wounds come the issue of water and food. When facilities succeeded in remaining operational, their access is of great danger and difficulty, as rebels don’t hesitate to target ambulances and workers.

Why this subject? It seems we entered into an impasse, with fragile solutions towards peace and the durability of humanitarian aid.

After only a few months of fighting, 80% of the citizens were estimated to require some form of humanitarian assistance. An estimated 7 million people, almost one-third of the population, faced hunger and an increasing amount of diseases linked to dirty water. The insufficient budget will also have to be negotiated and discussed.

WHO’s role: ​WHO is coordinating the humanitarian response to health issues with Yemen’s Ministry of Health and 20 partner humanitarian organizations in Yemen, including the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF).

WHO is also working as the alarmer by maintaining the national surveillance system for identifying and responding to outbreaks.

Yemen’s health system is largely dependent on what WHO and its humanitarian partners can bring into the country, including fill the medical shortage both in equipment and doctors.

Third Committee: (SOCHUM) Social, Cultural, Humanitarian Committee

Chaired by: Paula Franco and Victoria Collado

Countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Cameroon Canada, China, Côte D’Ivoire, Democratic Republic Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Gabon Germany, India, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kenya, Mexico, Russian Federation, Senegal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Spain, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, United Kingdom of Great Britain, The United States of America and Northern Ireland

 

Topic A: The forgotten Indigenous populations of Africa.

Indigenous peoples and communities in Africa suffer from a number of particular human rights violations that are often of a collective nature. This topic aims to inspire delegates to work together in order to find solutions to the injustices faced daily by these populations of Africa. 

 

Topic B: Fighting for the rights of Dalits in the Indian Caste System.

More than 160 million people in India are considered “Untouchable” - people tainted by their birth into a caste system that deems them impure, less than human. Human right abuses against these people, known as Dalits, are legion. Delegates will have the task of using diplomacy and skills to find ways to improve this discrimination that has existed for thousands of years.

Brace yourselves, ESPOMUN is coming from up North

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